'I am conversant with both the Vedas and the scriptures that lead to the attainment of Brahma. In the Vedas there are precepts of both kinds, viz.,
- those that inculcate action and
- those that inculcate renouncement of action.
- are confounding and
- their conclusions are based upon reasons.
Thou art conversant only
- with weapons and
- observant of the practices of heroes.
If thou wert really acquainted with duty, then thou couldst have understood that words such as these ought not to have been addressed to me by even one possessed of the clearest insight into the
- meaning of the scriptures and
- acquainted with the truths of religion.
- fit and
- all duties connected with battle and
- in skill in respect of diverse kinds of acts.
It behoveth thee not, however, O Dhananjaya, to doubt my intelligence. Thou art conversant with the science of battle, but
- thou hast never waited upon the aged.
- Thou knowest not the conclusions arrived at by those that have studied the subject in
- brief and
- Even this is the conclusion of intelligent men whose understanding are bent on achieving salvation, viz., that amongst
- ascetic penances,
- renunciation, and
- knowledge of Brahma,
O Arjuna, dost thou applaud wealth which is full of every kind of calamity? Men of olden times that were conversant with the scriptures,
O Bharata,--men that were always engaged in gifts and sacrifice and action, were of this opinion.
O Bharata! There are some fools who, accomplished in the science of argumentation, deny the existence of the Soul, in consequence of the strength of their convictions of a previous life. It is very difficult to make them accept this truth about final emancipation. Those wicked men, though possessed of great learning, travel all over the earth, making speeches in assemblies, and deprecating the true doctrine about emancipation. O Partha, who else will succeed in understanding that which we do not understand?' Indeed, (as those men cannot understand the true meaning of the scriptures), similarly they cannot succeed in knowing those wise and pious persons that are truly great and that have deep acquaintance with the scriptures. O son of Kunti, men acquainted with truth obtain Brahma by asceticism and intelligence, and great happiness by renunciation.'